8 Common Types of Verbs Used in The English Language

Grammar-wise, verbs are important, and we use various verb tenses to describe what things do or how things are carried out. because of all that they do for us.

Schoolchildren are frequently taught that verbs “do” words, or indicate elements of sentences that express the action being taken, when studying the grammatical rules. It makes sense to spend some time learning more about verbs and the varieties of verbs that are most frequently used in English. You can learn verbs in an enjoyable way like verbs beginning with K.

1. Action verbs

Action verbs are used to describe actions, as their name implies. These can be mental or physical acts that we carry out with our minds, like thinking, considering, or memorization, or physical actions that we carry out with our bodies or things, like jumping, or hitting. You will typically mainly see action verbs.

2. Stative Verbs

Stative verbs, as compared to action verbs, describe a state or condition. In general, state verbs are used to describe characteristics, mental states, attitudes, sentiments, and other things. State verbs are not action verbs when they are used in sentences. It’s crucial to understand that depending on their function in the sentence, some verbs can be utilised as status verbs or action verbs. State verbs are less frequently used in continuous verb tenses.

3. Finite/Non-Finite Verbs

When identifying verbs, students may also encounter the binary classification of whether the verb is finite. The capacity to convey tension or agreement on relevant topics.

Typical verbs are unable to display the same degree of grammatical flexibility as finite verbs, which can display tense and subject verb agreement as well as appear as singular verbs in independent sentences. Nonfinite verbs, as was demonstrated, cannot be conjugated and can only be employed by themselves in subordinate clauses.

4. Causative Verbs

Causatives are the first group of verbs in the semantic order. You should let someone assist you study, for example. Causative verbs like “let,” “have,” and “make” indicate the act of one person or thing causing another person or thing to do or get something. There are about fifty verbs in the English language that can be used to create causal constructs that increase in transitivity.

5. Performative Verbs

A small number of verbs with a clear indication that a speaking act is being performed.  For example, “promise” in “I promise to be on time” or “sorry” in “I promise for being late” are words that cause the mentioned events to occur. The action verbs “promise” and “excuse” result in genuine guarantees and regrets in these two situations.

6. Intransitive Verbs

The opposite of transitive verbs is an intransitive verb. An intransitive verb is one that is employed without a direct object. It should be noted that the only acceptable direct objects are nouns, pronouns, and noun phrases. Direct objects cannot be prepositional phrases, adverbs, or adjectives. Again, both stand and action verbs can be used with intransitive verbs.

7. Copular Verbs

Copula verbs, also known as link verbs, include the verbs “to be” and “to feel,” which may not be used with objects in sentences.

Copula verbs must instead be accompanied with noun or adjective complements that elaborate on the sentence’s subject, such as: For instance, “Jane is sick” or “Mr. Smith is a teacher.” The supplements “a teacher” and “ill” in these two examples give specific information about the subjects “Mr. Smith” and “Jane,” respectively.

Since the equal symbol (=) can be used in lieu of the copular verbs “to be” and “feel” in these examples and they have nearly the same meaning, copula verbs are naturally more grammatical. is displayed. Bind Subject and Complement together

8. Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs are verbal combinations with prepositions and/or adverbs that are not the same as the component words that make them up. For instance, the adverb down denotes “not up” or “in a downward direction,” and the verb shut denotes “to close.” Shut down, on the other hand, meaning to stop anything from operating.


We can conclude from the discussion above that verbs are a crucial component of English grammar and parts of speech. Additionally, verbs are crucial in the formation of entire sentences.

The primary component of sentences and phrases, verbs describe the action that is taking place. In actuality, every full thought must be expressed using a verb, and even the most basic sentences. A verb can even stand alone as a phrase with a subject.

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